Argentina celebrate after they beat the Netherlands in a penalty shootout at the 2022 World Cup
The camps of both sides clashed during a feisty encounter which saw the Dutch come from 2-0 down to draw 2-2 before Argentina won on penalties.
Spanish referee Antonio Mateu Lahoz issued 18 yellows cards - a World Cup record - in the game.
Dutch right-back Denzel Dumfries was sent off after picking up two bookings.
Fifa said its disciplinary committee had opened proceedings against Argentina "due to potential breaches of articles 12 (misconduct of players and officials) and 16 (order and security at matches)".
World football's governing body added: "Additionally, the Fifa disciplinary committee has opened proceedings against the Dutch Football Association due to potential breaches of article 12 of the Fifa disciplinary code in relation to the same match."
-- Courtesy of BBC Sport